A hyrax is a small, fluffy creature, a mammal of the order Hyrocoidea. These adorable wild animals live in Africa and the Middle East. Hyraxes are small, hairy, and have short, hairy tails. They look a lot like rats, rabbits or guinea pigs. What is really surprising is that the hyrax is the elephant's closest living relative. This little creature is only 30 to 70 cm long and weighs barely 2 to 5 kg. Still, it shares some of the important elephantine characteristics, and it's been around for a very long time. There is fossil evidence that the hyrax existed over 40 million years ago. In addition, the fossil remains show that some of them were large, almost like a horse, which further supports the theory that the hyrax and the elephant are related. The word hyrax is derived from the Greek language where ὕραξ means shrew. In Swahili, a Bantu language spoken in most parts of the Hyrax homeland, it is known as Pimbi. But, it seems that the name hyrax played an important role in some other world events. The history of the Spanish term tells the interesting story. Hispania was a name given by the Romans when they discovered the Iberian Peninsula. But long before, the land of Spain was known as the Canaanite אי שפנים (ʾî šəpānîm), meaning the coast of the hyrax. How did it go, knowing that hyraxes live in Africa and the Middle East? It is probably that the Phoenicians confused the wild rabbits of Spain with hyrax. The Canaanite languages are a subfamily of the Semitic languages in which the word Shaphan denotes a hyrax. Hyraceum, or Hyrax, is an aromatic raw material of ancient perfumery. However, men used this material long before they began to use it in perfumery. African tribes and people in the Middle East used Hyraceum as a traditional remedy for epilepsy, kidney problems, seizures, and female hormonal disorders. This substance is actually the petrified, rocky excrement formed from the urine of hyrax. Hyraceum is a fairly sterile, rock-hard material that also contains pheromones, which are odoriferous substances. Hyrax urine is a gelatinous substance, and these little creatures always use the same place to urinate. Therefore, the best places to harvest Hyraceum are caves or mountain passages where the hyrax colony accumulates a load of excrement. In perfumery, we use very old, fossilized, dry and stone-rich Hyraceums, which are generally over hundreds or even thousands of years old. It gives an animal, sensual and deep note that looks like a combination of musk, civet, castoreum, tobacco and agarwood. Due to its characteristic structure, this material is also known as African stone. Earthy, rich and resinous, Hyraceum is made by pulverizing the raw material and fusing it with pure, undenatured organic alcohol. Last but not the least, no animal is harmed in the making of this material.